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Bioassay References

American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, and Water Environment Federation. 1992. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 18th ed. Washington, D.C., pp.__

Athey, L.A., J.M. Thomas, W.E. Miller, and J.Q. Word. 1989. Evaluation of bioassays for designing sediment cleanup strategies at a wood treatment site. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 8: 223-230.

Bowers, N., J.R. Pratt, D. Beeson, and M. Lewis. 1997. Comparative evaluation of soil toxicity using lettuce seeds and soil ciliates. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 16: 207-213.

Chang, L.W., J.R. Meier, and M.K. Smith. 1997. Application of plant and earthworm bioassays to evaluate remediation of a lead-contaminated soil. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 32: 166-171.

Havel, J.E., M.C. Barnhart, and J.S. Greene. 1997. Experimental investigations of water quality: the bioassay. The American Biology Teacher, 59: 349-352.

Keddy, C.J., J.C. Greene, and M.A. Bonnell. 1995. Review of whole-organism bioassays: soil, freshwater sediment, and freshwater assessment in Canada. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 30: 221-251.

Thomas, J.M., J.R. Skalski, J.F. Cline, M.C. McShane, & J.C. Simpson. 1986. Characterization of chemical waste site contamination and determination of its extent using bioassays. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 5: 487-501.

Wang, W. 1987. Root elongation method for toxicity testing of organic and inganic pollutants. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 6: 409-414.

Wang, W. 1986. Comparative toxicology of phenolic compounds using root elongation method. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 5: 891-896.

Wang, W., and J.M. Williams. 1988. Screening and biomonitoring of industrial effluents using phytotoxicity tests. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 7: 645-652.



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